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For the series as a whole, see Mother (series).
MOTHER2 ~ギーグの逆襲~ Mother 2: Giygas Strikes Back
English Boxart for EarthBound
System Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Genre RPG
Rating ESRB: E (SNES)
ESRB: T (Wii U Virtual Console)
Publisher Nintendo
Developer Ape Inc. / HAL Laboratories
Release dates
North America June 2, 1995
July 18, 2013 (Wii U Virtual Console)
March 24, 2016 (New Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console)
Europe July 18, 2013 (Wii U Virtual Console)
March 3, 2016 (New Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console)

EarthBound (Japanese: MOTHER2 ~ギーグの逆襲~ Mother 2: Gyiyg Strikes Back, occasionally rendered as マザー2) is an RPG released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in 1995; it was developed by Ape Inc. and HAL Laboratory and published by Nintendo. It is a sequel to the original Mother, later released in the US as EarthBound Beginnings; rather than featuring the protagonists who appeared in Mother, EarthBound features a different set.



EarthBound takes place on Earth in the year 199X in the country of Eagleland. Throughout the game, there are four playable characters come to compose the party in the game; Ness, Paula, Jeff and Poo. Ness remains the lead character, a silent protagonist, for the entirety of the story. He is a young boy from Onett and is characterized by his love for baseball. He also possesses psychic abilities strong enough to affect cosmic events. Paula is the second main character in the game. She is a young girl from Twoson where her mother runs a preschool out of their home. Like Ness, she also possesses powerful psychic abilities. Jeff, the third character to join the party, is a young boy who resides at a boarding school in the northern country of Winters in the region of FoggyLand. The son of the famed professor Dr. Andonuts, Jeff is a child prodigy who can fix almost anything. The last character to be acquired is Poo. He is the oldest of the group, a residing prince from the distant land of Dalaam in the far east region of Chommo. He is presented as a powerful martial arts master.


Warning! Spoiler warning: this article or section may contain major plot or ending details! Proceed with caution. Warning!
Buzz Buzz appears moments after a bright light engulfs the meteor

The story begins when Ness is awakened by a meteor that has plummeted to the earth near his home, whereupon he proceeds to investigate the crash site. When Ness gets to the crash site he discovers a police road block and Pokey Minch, his friend and neighbor, who tells him to go home. Later, Ness is woken up again by Pokey knocking at his door, demanding help to find his brother Picky. They find him near the meteor sleeping behind a tree and wake him up. Then the three encounter an insect from the meteor named Buzz Buzz who informs Ness that he is from the future where the "universal cosmic destroyer", Giygas, dominates the planet. Buzz Buzz senses great potential in Ness and instructs him to embark on a journey to seek out and record the melodies of eight "sanctuaries," unite his own powers with the Earth's and gain the strength required to confront Giygas.

After an encounter with some hostile gang members, Ness reaches the first sanctuary on a mountain above his hometown. He then proceeds to the next town, Twoson, where he rescues a girl named Paula from the Happy Happyist Cult and discovers that Pokey (who has been the high priest of cult) is working against him. Together, Ness and Paula discover the second sanctuary. With the help of the Runaway Five, a band that Ness and Paula free from debt, the two arrive in Threed, where they are ambushed and captured. While in captivity, Paula sends a telepathic message to a boy named Jeff, who resides at a boarding school. Jeff responds to the message and acquires his father's Sky Runner, a flying vehicle, in order to reach Threed. After crashing the Sky Runner, Jeff rescues Ness and Paula and joins their group. The three of them travel to Saturn Valley, a land populated by a strange race of creatures called Mr. Saturns. There, the party learns that a monster has been kidnapping the populace. Ness and the group proceed to defeat the monster and reach the third sanctuary above Saturn Valley. The party then travels through the desert to reach the next city.

Screenshot depicting Ness, Paula, Jeff and Poo as they travel through Summers

Upon reaching Fourside, the group again helps the Runaway Five out of debt and visits a department store only to have Paula kidnapped. Ness and Jeff proceed to find her, and along the way, destroy a hallucination-projecting relic called the Mani-Mani Statue. The two boys continue their search only to discover that Pokey and the Mayor have taken Paula. However, because Ness and Jeff defeated the Evil Mani-Mani, the mayor returns to normal. Pokey escapes in the Mayor's helicopter and Paula rejoins the group. After returning to Threed, Jeff repairs the Sky Runner, and they set flight for Winters to discover the fourth sanctuary. The group then cross the ocean and arrive in Summers where Ness falls unconscious and dreams of a far-off land known as Dalaam. There, a young prince named Poo has completed his training and is instructed to join the party on their journey. The group then returns to Fourside and are able to discover the fifth sanctuary.

The four then procure a boat and travel to Scaraba where they explore a pyramid in the desert. Ness and the group then travel to Dalaam and find the sixth sanctuary there, after which they acquire a submarine and travel into the Deep Darkness, a path leading them under the earth. There, they find Tenda Village, a small community populated by extremely shy creatures. After acquiring the book of overcoming shyness, Ness is able to speak to the shy villagers who allow them passage to the Lost Underworld. There, they discover the last two sanctuaries.

Upon activating the final sanctuary, Ness falls unconscious and enters a strange world composed of his dreams, Magicant. There, he encounters his nightmare. After defeating it, Magicant vanishes, and Ness becomes much stronger because he has conquered Giygas's influence over him. After awakening, Ness and the group return to Saturn Valley where Jeff's father, Dr. Andonuts, has finished the Phase Distorter, a time traveling device. Dr. Andonuts explains the kids that the machine cannot warp them to the past in their current form since life cannot withstand the warp through time. In other words, time travel would likely destroy their human bodies. To remedy this problem, Dr. Andonuts proposes to them to have their souls transplanted into robotic bodies, warning them that he doesn't know whether or not the process is reversible. Despite this critical warning, Ness, Paula, Jeff and Poo are willing to take the risk. Now in the form of robots, Ness and his friends use the Phase Distorter to travel to the past where they encounter Pokey and Giygas, who, in order to contain his massive power, has been sealed inside the Devil's Machine. Pokey informs the group that Giygas became so powerful that his mind was completely destroyed, referring to him as an "all-mighty idiot". The group defeat Pokey, who then shuts off the Devil's Machine and releases Giygas, trapping the kids in a chaotic dimension composed of his own indefinable being. Since Giygas is too powerful for Ness and his friends to overcome by fighting, Paula begins to pray, reaching out to the inhabitants of the Earth, including family members and friends, who all pray for their safety, and eventually, she reaches out to the player. The combined prayers of both Earth's inhabitants and the player reach Giygas and exploit his weakness, which turns out to be human emotions. As a result, Giygas vanishes from existence. with all the damage he had done to Eagleland and the rest of the Earth erased from history, the souls of Ness and his friends depart from their robot bodies, travel back to the present and return to their respective bodies. After bidding each other farewell, the heroes return to their homes.

After the ending credits, Picky Minch comes to Ness's house in the middle of the night and gives him a letter from Pokey that says "Come and get me loser. Spankety, spankety, spankety!", and the game ends with him and Ness pondering what has become of him.



  • Jeff - A boy from Winters. He is unable to perform PSI attacks -- instead, he relies on his high IQ to help the team. He can also Spy on an enemy to learn about its stats. Jeff is able to repair certain items that would otherwise be unusable and then use them in battle. To attack, he uses various types of Guns. He is the son of the famous scientist Dr. Andonuts.


  • Porky Minch - The secondary antagonist and Giygas' enforcer. He is a naughty brat that will antagonize Ness on his journey.


Unlike the original Mother, EarthBound has enemies appear directly in the overworld, rather than appear in random encounters. If Ness touches an enemy, he will enter the battle screen. The battle system is mainly the same as in Mother. Ness can fight the monster, use PSI, or run if the enemy is too powerful. If Ness defeats the boss of the area, the enemies will run away from Ness if he approaches them. Additionally, if Ness is at a higher level than the enemies, he can kill them instantly.

Status Ailments

  • Can't Concentrate - Renders a party member unable to use PSI.
  • Cold - Causes a party member to loose 3-5 HP each turn. In the overworld, this occurs every four seconds.
  • Crying - Decreases the accuracy of regular attacks.
  • Diamondization - Renders a party member immovable.
  • Confusion - Causes a party member to become confused, causing them to accidentally hit members of their party.
  • Homesick - Causes a party member to waste their turn thinking about home. This ailment can only be applied to Ness.
  • Mushroomization - Same as Confusion.
  • Nausea - Same as Cold, except party members loose 15-25 HP.
  • Poison - Identical to Nausea.
  • Paralysis - Renders a party member unable to use normal attacks.
  • Possession - Renders a party member to be haunted by a spirit, causing them to attack members of their party.
  • Sleep - Renders a party member unable to do anything.
  • Sunstroke - Identical to Cold.
  • Unconscious - Occurs when a party member has zero HP, causing them to be unable to do anything. If all party members have this, its game over.


  • HP (Hit Points) - Shows how much damage a party member can withstand.
  • PP (Psychic Points) - Shows how much PSI a party member can use.
  • Offense - Shows how much damage a party member can inflict.
  • Defense - Shows how much damage a party member can resist.
  • IQ - Determines how much PP is gained when leveling up.
  • Vitality - Determines how much HP is gained when leveling up.
  • Guts - Determines the likelihood of an attack being a Smash!.png hit.
  • Luck - Determines the accuracy of an attack.

Enemies and Bosses

Normal Enemies

Image Name HP PP EXP Money Location
CoilSnake.gif Coil Snake 18 0 1 $4 Onett
SpitefulCrow.gif Spiteful Crow 24 0 3 $5 Onett
Happy Happy Village
RunawayDog.gif Runaway Dog 21 0 4 $3 Onett
PogoPunk.png Pogo Punk 35 0 15 $18 Onett
SkatePunk.gif Skate Punk 31 0 12 $17 Onett
YesManJunior.gif Yes Man Junior 33 0 13 $18 Onett
AttackSlug.gif Attack Slug 30 6 27 $6 Giant Step
Rainy Circle
BlackAntoid.gif Black Antoid 34 25 37 $7 Giant Step
Grapefruit Falls
RowdyMouse.gif Rowdy Mouse 36 0 34 $9 Giant Step
Brick Road
Rainy Circle
Cop.gif Cop 75 0 86 $18 Onett
RamblinEvilMushroom.png Ramblin' Evil Mushroom 60 0 95 $15 Twoson
AnnoyingOldPartyMan.gif Annoying Old Party Man 99 0 130 $32 Twoson
CrankyLady.gif Cranky Lady 95 0 200 $17 Twoson
MobileSprout.gif Mobile Sprout 79 9 133 $13 Twoson
Peaceful Rest Valley
Newageretrohippie.png New Age Retro Hippie 87 0 160 $23 Twoson
UnassumingLocalGuy.gif Unassuming Local Guy 87 0 160 $23 Twoson
Happy Happy Village
LilUFO.gif Li'l UFO 82 0 223 $14 Twoson
Happy Happy Village
SpinningRobo.gif Spinning Robo 113 17 297 $21 Peaceful Rest Valley
TerritorialOak.gif Territorial Oak 145 41 356 $29 Peaceful Rest Valley
InsaneCultist.gif Insane Cultist 94 0 353 $33 Happy Happy Village
MightyBear.gif Mighty Bear 167 0 609 $49 Lilliput Steps
MolePlayingRough.gif Mole Playing Rough 103 0 456 $36 Lilliput Steps
Dusty Dunes Desert
MrBatty.gif Mr. Batty 86 0 304 $30 Lilliput Steps
HandsomeTom.gif Handsome Tom 133 16 520 $45 Threed
NoGoodFly.gif No Good Fly 100 0 415 $26 Threed
PutridMoldyman.gif Putrid Moldyman 203 0 830 $53 Threed
SmellyGhost.gif Smelly Ghost 194 50 606 $71 Threed
SmilinSam.gif Smilin' Sam 161 55 712 $48 Threed
TrickOrTreatKid.gif Trick or Trick Kid 142 0 570 $47 Threed
UrbanZombie.gif Urban Zombie 171 0 700 $58 Threed
ZombieDog.gif Zombie Dog 210 0 1354 $54 Threed
ZombiePossessor.png Zombie Possessor 176 0 950 $81 Threed

Virtual Console re-release

On March 20, 2013, EarthBound was re-released in Japan for the Wii U Virtual Console, and on July 18 of the same year in North America and Europe. The re-release was highly publicized, with Shigesato Itoi himself doing a live stream of playing the game. The game received some minor edits from the original SNES release: a line of text in Burglin Park was slightly tweaked, and the PSI animations were softened to reduce the risk of seizures.

Furthermore, in March of 2016, Earthbound was re-released again in all three regions for the New Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console service.

Earthbound was included as one of the games on the Super NES Classic Edition (known as the Nintendo Classic Mini: Super Nintendo Entertainment System in Europe and Oceania and Nintendo Classic Mini: Super Famicom in Japan), released on June 26, 2017.

Music Sampling Controversy

EarthBound has been noted to feature a number of samples/homages to other songs. For example, the Onett trumpet player plays Symphony No.9 Movement 2, the music that plays while fighting Frank or a New Age Retro Hippie bears some resemblance to the beginning of Johnny B. Goode, and the Megaton Walk sounds remarkably like a segment from The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. These samples of music caused controversy for Nintendo of America when the company tried to approve the game for digital distribution on the Wii's Virtual Console. Hirokazu Tanaka stated in an interview, "The sampling issue is a little sensitive because, well, I don't know for sure, but it sounds like that is one of the reasons EarthBound is not able to come out in America." During the Nintendo Direct announcing EarthBound's approval for the Wii U Virtual Console, Satoru Iwata mentioned the fan outcry being one of the reasons.


  • The ESRB, the American rating system for video games, rated EarthBound for the Wii Virtual Console. This rating, however, was a mistake.[1] The game was later confirmed for a Wii U Virtual Console release, scheduled for late 2013.[2]
  • EarthBound had an infamously odd marketing campaign in North America, which included the tagline "This game stinks!" (a reference to the included scratch-and-sniff cards).
  • All of the game's areas are connected to each other. Using a glitch to walk through otherwise impassable objects and off the map, players can walk to Giygas' lair in the Cave of the Past.
  • The game has several checksum to avoid abusing the previously mentioned map glitching to complete the game. The player must fall down the hole in Lumine Hall, and must have defeated Ness' Nightmare.
  • EarthBound takes place in a fictional land called Eagleland. Many fans think this is a parody of the United States of America, but Shigesato Itoi stated that the game is not necessarily set there. This is why party members like Poo appear to come from different cultures.
  • Mother 2 was available as a downloadable game for the Nintendo Power, a Japan-only flash-memory cartridge that allowed owners to purchase Super Famicom games at a lowered price.





Ness sprite.png
Ness robot sprite.png
Ness ghost sprite.png
Ness pajamas sprite.png
Ness bike sprite.png
Paula sprite.png
Paula ghost sprite.png
Jeff sprite.png
Jeff ghost sprite.png
Poo sprite.png
Poo ghost sprite.png
Buzz Buzz
Ness's Mother.gif
Ness' Mother
King sprite.gif
Apple Kid
Bubble Monkey sprite.gif
Bubble Monkey
Dr. Andonuts
Flying Man EB.png
Flying Man
Pokey sprite.gif
Porky Minch
Porky Minch
Mani-Mani Statue
Master Belch
Captain Strong
Mr. Carpainter
Geldegarde Monotoli
Picky sprite.gif
Picky Minch
Lardna Minch.png
Lardna Minch
Aloysius Minch.png
Aloysius Minch
Lier X. Agerate
Camera Man.png
B.H. Pirkle.png
B.H. Pirkle
Paula dad.png
Paula's Dad
Paula's mom.png
Paula's Mom
Orange Kid.gif
Orange Kid
Mr. Poochyfud
Brick Road
Tessie Watcher.gif
George Montague
Gerardo Montague
Sanchez Brothers
Penetella Giovanni
Miss Fake
Mr Spoon.png
Mr. Spoon
Warp Man.png
Warp Man
Talah Rama.png
Talah Rama
Man K. Man
Risosha Richmonde
Mr Fork.gif
Mr. Fork
Poo's Master.gif
Poo's Master
Star Master
Red Snake
Ay-go Stikke


Baker EB.gif
Baker (Male)
Saleswoman EB.png
Burger Shopkeeper (Female)
Old man EB.png
Drugstore Shopkeeper (Male)
Business Lady EB.gif
Drugstore Shopkeeper (Female)
Cave Boy
Dungeon Man sprite.gif
Dungeon Man


Mother 2 Box.jpg
Japanese box art
Mother 2 logo.png
Japanese logo
EarthBound logo.png
American logo


External links

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MOTHER by Shigesato Itoi
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EarthBound Beginnings (Mother) EarthBound (Mother 2) Mother 3
Mr. Saturn Mr. Saturn
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